Page Reviewed / Updated - Jun. 2018
Social Security is a federal program administered by the Social Security Administration (SSA) that provides retirement income for seniors who have paid into the program. This includes nearly everyone that has worked legally in the United States. Social Security is also referred to as Old Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance, abbreviated as OASDI.
Social Security is commonly used as a source for covering the costs associated with long term, aging care. So common, in fact, that almost all other benefit programs assume this income for their applicants. As seniors receive payment directly from the government, they or their loved ones are free to apply those dollars toward home care, adult day care, or residential care. However, the average amount of a Social Security check is approximately $1,350, which is well short of the cost of long-term care. This is especially true when one spouse of a married couple requires residential care, while the other remains in their home.
Lower income seniors may also be eligible for Supplemental Security Income and / or state SSI supplements. Learn more here.
Social Security benefits are made as cash payments directly to the individual. There are no restrictions on how the payments can be spent. The average Social Security check for a widowed, unmarried, or otherwise single retiree, as of 2018, is $1,411 / month. If a senior begins collecting Social Security at the age of 62, the maximum benefit amount is $2,158 / month. The maximum amount for an individual who begins collecting at full retirement age (the age, generally between 66 and 67 years old, at which an individual can receive retirement benefits that are not reduced in amount) is $2,788 / month. However, one may delay social security payments up to age 70, and if so, the benefit amount will increase monthly up until the age of 70. As of 2018, $3,698 / month is the maximum benefit for someone who starts collecting benefits at age 70.
That being said, each individual receives a different amount depending on the amount and number of years paid into the system, as well as the age at which they began to receive benefits.
To begin receiving benefits, it can take between 1 - 3 months. Benefits start in the month following the month of entitlement. Entitlement means when an individual meets the minimum age requirement and completes the application. However, it can take up to 3 months to start receiving checks.