Texas' STAR+PLUS Medicaid Waiver

What is a Medicaid Waiver?
For persons with limited financial resources, Medicaid pays for nursing home care. For those who wish to live at home or in assisted living, sometimes Medicaid will pay for care in those locations if it can be obtained at a lower cost than in a nursing home. It does this through "Medicaid Waivers," which are also called Home and Community Based Services (HCBS) Waivers or Waiver Funded Services.

Waiver Description

This waiver allows elderly Texans, aged 65 or older, that require a nursing facility level of care, to reside at home or in assisted living residences and receive care services in those locations. Under STAR+PLUS, both medical care and non-medical long term care services as covered. STAR+PLUS differs from other Texas Medicaid programs in that the services are provided by managed care organizations (MCO). There are specific MCOs in each county and participants are given the choice to select their preferred provider.

In September, 2014, the STAR+PLUS waiver replaced the Community Based Alternatives Waiver and all former CBA waiver participants have completed a transition to STAR+PLUS. Two other Texas Medicaid waivers were not replaced by Managed Medicaid under STAR+PLUS. The Primary Home Care Program and Day Activity and Health Services Program continue to help resource-constrained seniors throughout the state. 

Enabled by the Affordable Care Act, in 2015, Texas began offering the Community First Choice option. Elderly residents should also investigate this program for long term care benefits without waiting times.


Eligibility Guidelines

The STAR+PLUS Waiver has financial and functional restrictions. From a functional perspective, candidates must have a need for care services typically provided in nursing homes. Aged Texas residents must meet the income and assets levels for Texas Medicaid.

The Texas Medicaid thresholds for 2017 are as follows: an individual can have up to $2,205 per month in income and $2,000 in assets. The state permits applicants to not include the value of their home or primary vehicle. 

Additionally, if the applicant is married and their spouse is not applying for Medicaid, their spouse’s income is not considered for eligibility. Also, in these circumstances, the non-applicant spouse can have investments, retirement accounts, and savings valued up to $120,900. This split spouse circumstance makes the Medicaid application complicated. It is recommended that individuals consult with a Medicaid eligibility expert to ensure the non-applicant spouse receives the maximum funds permitted under the law.

Since Texas has extremely rigid eligibility guidelines, persons with income or assets just over the limits might consider putting their additional funds into qualified income trusts or irrevocable funeral trusts. Be aware that both these financial vehicles may require assistance in their creation. Read more about Medicaid planning.  


Benefits and Services

STAR PLUS allows families members to be hired to provide personal care. Spouses, however, are excluded.

Under STAR+PLUS traditional health care and long-term care support are integrated. Accordingly, the program helps pay for a broad range of medical and care services, including:

  • Adult Day Care
  • Adult Foster Care
  • Assisted Living
  • Delivered Meals
  • Environmental Adaptive Aids
  • Home Modifications
  • Home Care
  • Medical Care
  • Personal Care (assistance with the activities of daily living)
  • Personal Emergency Response Service
  • Respite Care


How to Apply / Learn More

The STAR+PLUS program is available statewide. One can learn more about the program on the STAR+PLUS website or by contacting your local Area Agency on Aging. To apply for this Waiver or Texas Medicaid (if not already enrolled), one should visit the Your Texas Benefits website.

As of April 2017, state officials report that the STAR+PLUS has met its maximum allowed number of participants for the year. New, at-home applicants are placed on a waiting list. Waiting times are estimated to be over a year.

Nursing home Medicaid participants are prioritized over at-home applicants. If your loved one is in a nursing home on Medicaid and wants to return home or move to assisted living, you should contact a STAR+PLUS caseworker to discuss the options. 



Recommended Articles For You

Get Paid as a Family Caregiver in Texas

Family members can be hired as caregivers for relatives.


Texas Assistance for Care Out of Nursing Home

Texas Medicaid Waiver helps elderly reside at home or in assisted living.


Texas Programs to Support Paying for Elder Care

Overview of elder care programs available to Texas residents.