SSI State Supplementary Payments / Optional State Supplements and Eldercare

Page Reviewed / Updated - Mar. 2016

SSI State Supplementary Payments Definition

These are monthly cash payments offered by the states to low income individuals or their care providers to supplement the federal Supplemental Security Income (SSI) payment.


 State supplements to SSI benefits are often increased for those living in skilled nursing or assisted living residences.

Forty-six states currently provide additional cash benefits to supplement the federal SSI payment. The dollar value of these supplements often depends on the living situation on the recipient.  As an example, a person living independently may receive one amount; someone receiving home care a different amount, and a person in an assisted living residence a third amount.  For example, in Colorado, the supplement for an individual living independently is $25 / month, for those receiving home care, it is $475 / month and individuals in adult foster care can receive up to $551 / month.

There can be considerable confusion surrounding state supplements to SSI payments due to the variety of names by which they can be referred.  Among these are State Supplementary Payments, SSP, Optional State Supplements, OSS and simply Supplemental Assistance.

Did You Know? There are many other government and non-government assistance programs for aging care. Search for eligible programs

Qualifying for SSI State Supplementary Payments

Eligibility is determined at the state level is based solely on the income and assets of the applicant. Their age, health, marital or veteran status, geographic location within their state and their care needs do not directly impact their eligibility but may very likely impact the amount of financial assistance they receive.

Most states use the same income and asset requirements as the federal program, however there are states that set their own qualifications. Some of these state have more restrictive income limits than the federal standard and other states have less restrictive limits. One can find their state’s SSI supplement eligibility criteria by clicking the state links which follow. Please note that information at these links is provided by Social Security Administration but is several years out of date.

 Arizona, North Dakota, West Virginia and Mississippi do not offer state SSI supplements at this time.




Benefits of SSI State Supplementary Payments

The dollar amount of state supplements often depends on the living situation and care requirements of the individual. Person receiving home care or residing in an assisted living residence usually are eligible for a higher amount than those living independently. As an example, the state of Colorado pays approximately $550 / month for persons in assisted living (or adult foster care), $475 for those receiving home care but just $25 to those who are able to live independently.

Unlike federal SSI checks which are paid directly to the individual, in some states supplemental payments are paid directly to care providers.

Click on your state below to see your state’s SSI supplement amounts. Please note although this information is provided by the Social Security Administration, it is several years out of date. Therefore, it is best to consider this information as directional and not entirely accurate for 2016.



Application Process

In some states the application process is managed by the Federal Government and in others by their state governments.  Contact the federal government social security officefor SSI state supplements in the states listed below.  

Residents of all other states should contact their local social security office.

  • California    
  • Delaware
  • District of Columbia
  • Hawaii
  • Iowa
  • Michigan    
  • Montana
  • Nevada
  • New Jersey     
  • New York    
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
  • Utah     
  • Vermont