MaineCare Elderly and Adults with Disabilities Waiver: Eligibility and Benefits

What is a Medicaid Waiver?
For persons with limited financial resources, Medicaid pays for nursing home care. For those who wish to live at home or in assisted living, sometimes Medicaid will pay for care in those locations if it can be obtained at a lower cost than in a nursing home. It does this through "Medicaid Waivers" which are also called Home and Community Based Services (HCBS Waivers) or Waiver Funded Services.

Waiver Description

 This waiver helps persons who would otherwise require nursing home care, to remain living at home. 

This Maine Medicaid (MaineCare) Elderly and Adults with Disabilities Waiver is designed to help the elderly by funding services and supports to allow nursing home qualified individuals to remain living at home or in their communities. Typical services include home care, medical alert systems, transportation, and chore assistance (a complete list can be found further down the page).

This waiver may also be referred to as Home and Community Benefits for the Elderly and the Older Adults Waiver, and is administered by Maine’s Department of Health and Human Services’ Office of Aging and Disability Services.

Individuals choosing this waiver can have the state manage their care services or they can choose to self-direct their care under the Participant-Directed Option. Self or Consumer Direction is a concept based on the Medicaid model called Cash and Counseling in which the participant is given the flexibility to choose their own personal care providers. Some family members, including the adult children of aging parents, can be hired to provide personal care; they can be paid caregivers. (Spouses cannot be hired to provide care). The FPSO Program requires participants to use a third-party financial management company to assist in their role as “employers.” The financial management company helps with managing payroll and paying employer taxes.


Eligibility Guidelines

To qualify for services under this MaineCare waiver, the state considers 4 factors; the applicant's age and level of disability, which are inter-related and their income and assets, which are tied to Medicaid eligibility.

Disability and Age - Adults 18-64 must be disabled as determined by Social Security. Seniors, aged 65 and older, must require the level of care provided in a nursing home as determined during a medical review.

Income – Unmarried or widowed applicants must have income no higher than 3 times the Supplemental Security Income rate. In 2018, monthly income at or under $2,250 is necessary. If a married couple is applying, the spouses are looked at as if they are two separate individuals. This means each spouse can have monthly income up to $2,250. However, a more common scenario is for one spouse of a couple to apply. In this situation, the $2,250 / month figure still applies for the applicant. In addition, the applicant spouse is able to allocate some of his or her income to the non-applicant spouse in order to prevent that spouse from becoming impoverished. As of 2018, up to $3,090 can be allocated to the non-applicant spouse.

Assets - The effective asset limit for single MaineCare applicants in 2018 is $10,000 in countable resources. Married couples with two applicants are permitted $15,000. (Unlike income, assets are considered jointly.) If one spouse is not seeking assistance, the applicant spouse is permitted up to $10,000, and the non-applicant spouse can retain up to $123,600. Emphasis should be put on the fact that these limits are for countable assets. There are non-countable / exempt assets that include a family home provided its value does not exceed $858,000, household goods, and a vehicle, provided it is in use and not an investment or high-value collector's item.

Qualifying When Over the Limit – Fortunately, there are options for residents whose finances are greater than the allowable limits. MaineCare offers a Medically Needy exception for persons with high recurring medical costs that consume most of their income. With this option, which is often referred to as a Spend Down Program, it works similarly to a deductible program. Once the applicant spends down their excess income on medical bills and meets the income limit, the applicant is eligible for Elderly and Adults with Disabilities Waiver for the remainder of the six-month “spend down” period.

Working with a Medicaid planner is another approach for families who cannot afford their care costs. Planners help families qualify for MaineCare by re-allocating their excess income into qualifying trusts and by converting resources into non-countable assets. These and other approaches are complicated and require expertise. Read more here.

Confused by the Eligibility Requirements?
Assistance is available to sort through these complexities. Learn about Medicaid Planning Professionals


Benefits and Services

Each applicant receives a customized care plan that can include any of these benefits. Certain services, such as personal care and in-home respite care, can be consumer directed.  

  • Assistive Technology
  • Adult Day Health Care
  • Care Coordination
  • Environmental Modifications / Home Modifications – Stair lifts, roll-in showers, grab bars, etc. 
  • Fiscal Management Services – For consumer direction of care
  • Home Health Services – Nursing and Therapies (speech, occupational, and physical)
  • Homemaker – Grocery shopping, housecleaning, and meal preparation
  • Independent Living Assessment
  • Personal Care / Attendant Care
  • Personal Emergency Response Systems
  • Respite Care – In-Home / Out-of-Home
  • Skills Training
  • Non-Emergency Transportation 
  • Home Delivered Meals


How to Apply / Learn More

This waiver is available throughout Maine. However, applicants in rural areas may have difficulty finding approved care providers. In such a situation, a friend or family member might be approved to provide personal care. Applicants should also be aware that waiting lists may exist as only a limited number of slots are available.  However, as of Feb. 2018, no wait list existed.

One can apply online or contact their local Aging and Disability Resource Center for more information.

 Did You Know? Unfortunately, Maine has some of the highest eldercare costs in the continental United States.  However, free assistance is available to help families find affordable care. Read more.