2018 Health & Human Services Poverty Guidelines / Federal Poverty Levels

The 2018 Poverty Guidelines, commonly referred to as the Federal Poverty Level or FPL, follow in the tables below.  Note these amounts change based on the number of individuals in the household and the state in which one resides. 

Federal Poverty Levels are used by many assistance programs as a way to set eligibility criteria.  Often programs limit participant's income to some percentage of the FPL, such as $138% or 200%. 

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2018 Poverty Guidelines - Annual

48 Contiguous States and D.C.

Persons in Household 48 Contiguous States and D.C. Poverty Guidelines (Annual)
  100% 133% 138% 150% 200% 250% 300% 400%
1 $12,140 $16,146 $16,753 $18,210 $24,280 $30,350 $36,420 $48,560
2 $16,460 $21,892 $22,715 $24,690 $32,920 $41,150 $49,380 $65,840
3 $20,780 $27,637 $28,676 $31,170 $41,560 $51,950 $62,340 $83,120
4 $25,100 $33,383 $34,638 $37,650 $50,200 $62,750 $75,300 $100,400
5 $29,420 $39,129 $40,600 $44,130 $58,840 $73,550 $88,260 $117,680
6 $33,740 $44,874 $46,561 $50,610 $67,480 $84,350 $101,220 $134,960
7 $38,060 $50,620 $52,523 $57,090 $76,120 $95,150 $114,180 $152,240
8 $42,380 $56,365 $58,484 $63,570 $84,760 $105,950 $127,140 $169,520
Add $4,320 for each person over 8          

 

Alaska

Persons in Household Alaska Poverty Guidelines (Annual)
  100% 133% 138% 150% 200% 250% 300% 400%
1 $15,180 $20,189 $20,948 $22,770 $30,360 $37,950 $45,540 $60,720
2 $20,580 $27,371 $28,400 $30,870 $41,160 $51,450 $61,740 $82,320
3 $25,980 $34,553 $35,852 $38,970 $51,960 $64,950 $77,940 $103,920
4 $31,380 $41,735 $43,304 $47,070 $62,760 $78,450 $94,140 $125,520
5 $36,780 $48,917 $50,756 $55,170 $73,560 $91,950 $110,340 $147,120
6 $42,180 $56,099 $58,208 $63,270 $84,360 $105,450 $126,540 $168,720
7 $47,580 $63,281 $65,660 $71,370 $95,160 $118,950 $142,740 $190,320
8 $52,980 $70,463 $73,112 $79,470 $105,960 $132,450 $158,940 $211,920
Add $5,400 for each person over 8          

 

Hawaii

Persons in Household Hawaii Poverty Guidelines (Annual)
  100% 133% 138% 150% 200% 250% 300% 400%
1 $13,960 $18,567 $19,265 $20,940 $27,920 $34,900 $41,880 $55,840
2 $18,930 $25,177 $26,123 $28,395 $37,860 $47,325 $56,790 $75,720
3 $23,900 $31,787 $32,982 $35,850 $47,800 $59,750 $71,700 $95,600
4 $28,870 $38,397 $39,841 $43,305 $57,740 $72,175 $86,610 $115,480
5 $33,840 $45,007 $46,699 $50,760 $67,680 $84,600 $101,520 $135,360
6 $38,810 $51,617 $53,558 $58,215 $77,620 $97,025 $116,430 $155,240
7 $43,780 $58,227 $60,416 $65,670 $87,560 $109,450 $131,340 $175,120
8 $48,750 $64,838 $67,275 $73,125 $97,500 $121,875 $146,250 $195,000
Add $4,970 for each person over 8          

 

2018 Poverty Guidelines - Monthly

48 Contiguous States and D.C.

Persons in Household 48 Contiguous States and D.C. Poverty Guidelines (Monthly)  
  100% 133% 138% 150% 200% 250% 300% 400%
1  $      1,012  $   1,346  $   1,396  $   1,518  $   2,023  $   2,529  $   3,035  $  4,047
2  $      1,372  $   1,824  $   1,893  $   2,058  $   2,743  $   3,429  $   4,115  $  5,487
3  $      1,732  $   2,303  $   2,390  $   2,598  $   3,463  $   4,329  $   5,195  $  6,927
4  $      2,092  $   2,782  $   2,887  $   3,138  $   4,183  $   5,229  $   6,275  $  8,367
5  $      2,452  $   3,261  $   3,383  $   3,678  $   4,903  $   6,129  $   7,355  $  9,807
6  $      2,812  $   3,740  $   3,880  $   4,218  $   5,623  $   7,029  $   8,435  $11,247
7  $      3,172  $   4,218  $   4,377  $   4,758  $   6,343  $   7,929  $   9,515  $12,687
8  $      3,532  $   4,697  $   4,874  $   5,298  $   7,063  $   8,829  $ 10,595  $14,127
Add $360 for each person over 8  

 

Alaska

Persons in Household Alaska Poverty Guidelines (Monthly)  
  100% 133% 138% 150% 200% 250% 300% 400%
1  $      1,265  $   1,682  $   1,746  $   1,898  $   2,530  $   3,163  $   3,795  $  5,060
2  $      1,715  $   2,281  $   2,367  $   2,573  $   3,430  $   4,288  $   5,145  $  6,860
3  $      2,165  $   2,879  $   2,988  $   3,248  $   4,330  $   5,413  $   6,495  $  8,660
4  $      2,615  $   3,478  $   3,609  $   3,923  $   5,230  $   6,538  $   7,845  $10,460
5  $      3,065  $   4,076  $   4,230  $   4,598  $   6,130  $   7,663  $   9,195  $12,260
6  $      3,515  $   4,675  $   4,851  $   5,273  $   7,030  $   8,788  $ 10,545  $14,060
7  $      3,965  $   5,273  $   5,472  $   5,948  $   7,930  $   9,913  $ 11,895  $15,860
8  $      4,415  $   5,872  $   6,093  $   6,623  $   8,830  $ 11,038  $ 13,245  $17,660
Add $450 for each person over 8  

 

Hawaii

Persons in Household Hawaii Poverty Guidelines (Monthly)  
  100% 133% 138% 150% 200% 250% 300% 400%
1  $      1,163  $   1,547  $   1,605  $   1,745  $   2,327  $   2,908  $   3,490  $  4,653
2  $      1,578  $   2,098  $   2,177  $   2,366  $   3,155  $   3,944  $   4,733  $  6,310
3  $      1,992  $   2,649  $   2,749  $   2,988  $   3,983  $   4,979  $   5,975  $  7,967
4  $      2,406  $   3,200  $   3,320  $   3,609  $   4,812  $   6,015  $   7,218  $  9,623
5  $      2,820  $   3,751  $   3,892  $   4,230  $   5,640  $   7,050  $   8,460  $11,280
6  $      3,234  $   4,301  $   4,463  $   4,851  $   6,468  $   8,085  $   9,703  $12,937
7  $      3,648  $   4,852  $   5,035  $   5,473  $   7,297  $   9,121  $ 10,945  $14,593
8  $      4,063  $   5,403  $   5,606  $   6,094  $   8,125  $ 10,156  $ 12,188  $16,250
Add $414 for each person over 8  

 

Importance of Poverty Guidelines / What These Numbers Mean

Many state programs that offer financial assistance to elderly or disabled individuals use the Federal Poverty Levels to calculate their annual or monthly income limits for program eligibility. State Medicaid programs also use these limits, or a percentage thereof, to determine eligibility for different constituent groups (such as the Aged, Blind or Disabled, Children Under 18 or Pregnant Women).

The Department of Health and Human Services publishes this information and updates it each January for the current year. The numbers are based on data collected by the US Census Bureau.  

Note there is no difference between the Federal Poverty Guidelines and the Federal Poverty Levels.  These terms are used interchangeably. However, these guidelines should not be confused with the Federal Benefit Rate / Supplemental Security Income Limit.  Those numbers are published by the Social Security Office and are available here.