Page Reviewed / Updated - Jan. 2016
CDAS is a Medicaid entitlement program (Medicaid in Maine is more commonly referred to as MaineCare). CDAS covers personal or attendant care provided to Medicaid recipients in their homes. Under the CDAS program, program participants are empowered to select, hire, train and manage their own care providers instead of having the state administrators select caregivers on their behalf. This consumer directed model of care is also referred to as participant direction, self-direction and cash and counseling. To avoid confusion it is worth mentioning that these services are also referred to as personal care attendant (PCA) services, or simply attendant services.
It is the intention of this program to help individuals remain living in their homes and communities by providing care services in those environments instead of requiring individuals to move into a nursing home residence. As mentioned previously, consumers are able to select their own personal care providers, certain family members are among those who are eligible to be paid caregivers. Parents and spouses cannot be hired however the adult children (of aging parents) can become paid caregivers provided they are not also the legal representative of the parent.
To be eligible for the MaineCare CDAS program, participants must be at least 18 years of age and have a permanent and verifiable disability that limits their ability to care for themselves and manage their activities of daily living. Individuals cannot reside in a hospital, nursing home, intermediate care facility or other private, non-medical, residential care facility commonly called assisted living or board and care homes. They also cannot concurrently be receiving care services from other MaineCare programs in which personal care is offered. Finally, they must be financially eligible for MaineCare.
MaineCare financial eligibility varies dependent on the applicant's age and ability level. For seniors, the program considers their income, assets and past asset transfers. Generally speaking, seniors are eligible if their income is less than 100% of the federal poverty level (in 2016, approximately $1,000 / month) and their countable assets are less than $10,000. Home are not considered countable assets.
Maine residents who exceed these limits but who are unable to pay for the care they require may still qualify by way of the Medically Needy program or by working with a MaineCare planner to re-structure their financial assets so they become compliant. Learn more.
The exact services provided under the CDAS program are specific to the participating individual and are determined during enrollment in the program. They are re-assessed periodically to ensure their needs are continuing to be met. Participants can qualify for three different tiers of Personal Care Services (PCS) up to a maximum of 28 hours / week. PCS can include any or all of the following:
The CDAS Program is run by the Maine Department of Health and Human Services; one should contact their local office. A list of offices and their contact information is available here. One can also read more about the program in the very comprehensive MaineCare benefits manual available here.